AND VALUES IN EDUCATION
CAN BLINK the paramount need and importance of culture and
values in the field of education, even as we witness a serious
erosion in values in society. The faulty system of education
has failed to inculcate moral and spiritual values. Many have
lost their moorings because of this. Anarchy and chaos loom
large upon the world followed by senseless violence. The finer
qualities like childlike simplicity, innocence and truthfulness
have become rare.
electronic media, mainly television, has a major role in eroding
the value system. A craze for new life-styles and fashions
has been another contributing factor. Student indiscipline
can also be attributed to their frustration resulting from
unemployment, corruption and nepotism involved in the process
of admission to various schools and colleges and in the selection
of candidates for various posts.
of Science and Technology
has been a tremendous revolution in the field of science and
nuclear technology. The fast progress in information technology
has had a negative fallout due to its abuse. Modern man is
mad after garnering information. There is an explosion of
information-related skills and new frontiers of knowledge
are still being explored for sense gratification. There is
a rat race for money-making by any means, fair or foul.
modern Science, Technology and information have silently mechanized
our lives. Though it has taken giant strides in furthering
our standard of living, it has failed miserably in enriching
this knowledge by synthesizing it into wisdom. Instead of
mothering our human values, it has smothered them. In the
epoch-making words of T.S. Eliot:
is the knowledge? It is lost in information. Where is the
wisdom? It is lost in knowledge. Where is the life? It is
lost in living".
progress cannot be the sole aim of life. Man's sublime quest
should be for his spiritual and moral perfection. The perverted
form of civilization has atrophied our spiritual and moral
values and robbed us of our inner peace, happiness and harmony.
According to John Ruskin, "The greatest wealth of a nation
is the happiness of its people." Gandhiji also espoused
an identical view when he said, "Man's greatest endeavour
should be purification of the soul and establishment of fraternity
of the noblest aspects of morality and ethics." But we
deem ourselves cultured or civilized on the scale of material
to Retrieve the Lost Values?
to get rid of this malady?
need of the hour at this critical juncture is value-oriented
education. As our formal education is devalued, dehumanized
and demoralized, it necessitates a holistic approach to resuscitate
it. There should be a balanced and integrated development
of the personality of the students. Therefore, keeping in
mind that education is a means to the all-round development
of body, mind and soul, it has to be imparted in such a way
that it could enable the students to realize a composite goal
in life and foster better human understanding and cooperation.
In other words, it may redound to mental, moral, physical
and spiritual revolution for their betterment.
should be dovetailed with wisdom to ensure the integrated
development of the personality of the students as commended
during the first as well as the second five-year plans in
India. Spiritual and moral training should be imparted to
the students as pet the recommendations of Radhakrishnan and
Mudaliar commissions. Character formation should be given
the top priority as envisaged and recommended by the National
Policy on Education (1986).
Vivekananda is a staunch advocate of this integrated approach.
According to him, western science and technology should be
coupled with the universal philosophy of Vedanta. He has said,
"The ideal for education should be man-making and character-building
education." Education should build ideal citizens not
tainted with parochial passions and feelings. Students will
be persons of wisdom, integrity and honesty and moral rectitude.
are spiritual beings with a soul that is one with the Supreme
Soul, the Cause of all causes and the source of all things.
Swamiji said, "Each soul is potentially divine"
and that "education is the manifestation of the perfection
already in man". When this awareness that all are the
children of God sprouts in us, it will generate a sense of
fellowship with our fellow-beings and foster goodwill, mutual
respect and better human understanding. It will also go a
long way in minimizing the threats of nuclear and atomic wars
and build a bridge of friendship, universal fraternity, and
create an atmosphere of peace, happiness and harmony in the
approach is required to be holistic and pragmatic. There should
not be any gap between theory and practice. All the recommendations
envisaged by various education commissions from time to time
have remained only on paper and they have not been implemented
so far. If the trainer is not properly trained first, we cannot
hope to impart a training. So a teacher is required to be
endowed with unswerving faith and conviction in the moral
and spiritual values. We should, first of all, implement the
values in our practical life in order to enable students to
develop values and convince them of their importance in life.
We should visualize education in the perspective of a whole
life. Economic greed, political power, biological excitements
and materialistic comforts are to be sublimated for resuscitating
a dooming life.
teacher should be a shining embodiment of love so that the
temple of learning is permeated with the fragrance of love.
Hence the language of the teacher should be the language of
love. So long they have been imparting the language of the
head. Now along with it they have to impart the language of
the heart also. Values should also be transmitted to the students
in the morning assembly as thoughts for the day, embodying
pearls of wisdom of great leaders or spiritual teachers. Patriotic
songs should also be a part of the morning assembly.
Life histories of great religious teachers and eminent leaders
should be incorporated in the curricula at the school, college
and university levels. Seminars on values in education should
also be conducted from time to time in educational institutions.
Even there is a need that training courses on value elements
should be conducted for the teachers. Traditional dance, drama,
music and art should form part of cultural programmes in any
we need today is quality education. So the students' minds
should not be crammed with unnecessary facts and figures and
not burdened with too many books. It only dries up their innate
faculties. Instead, emphasis should be laid on character formation.
Teachers should put emphasis not only on the passing of the
examination but also on the development of inner qualities
and faculties of the students.
Mass-media can also play a vital role in transmitting values
to the students. Newspapers can earmark special columns for
the transmission of values in education. Many journals are
rendering a yeoman service like good Samaritans in this regard.
transmission of knowledge does not suffice. Knowledge remains
in the form of information unless it is harnessed in our practical
life to become wisdom. Hence practice is required to make
a man perfect. Both must go hand in hand for the flowering
of a balanced and integrated personality. If we are able to
follow such remedial measures, we may retrieve the lost values
of education and pave the way for a harmonious society.