Konstantin Stanislavsky widely used pranayama exercises to
develop actors creative well-being , even including
a count for inhaling-exhaling and holding the breath.
seeing the effects of yoga on his students, Konstantin Stanislavsky
quickly started using it even more: in actors trainings
in the Second Studio (which was established in 1916) and the
Opera Studio (founded in 1918), and for the work of the actors
in the MAT (Moscow Art Theatre). Stanislavsky s notebooks
from 19191920 contain many notes on the application
of Hatha Yoga, together with Swedish gymnastics, exercises
on rhythm and voice training in his classes.
most detailed connection between Stanislavskys system
and yoga is found in notes to the classes with the MAT artists
(1919). Rose Whyman, a British scholar of Stanislavskys
work, has pointed out that the notes contain a hidden synopsis
of the part of the book Hatha Yoga on prana.
as an essential part of Stanislavskys studios